x86_64 Assembler + C = One Love

In this article I will describe the process of calling C functions from assembler.
Let’s try to call printf ( “Hello World \ n!”); and exit (0);

section .rodata
    message: db "Hello, world!", 10, 0

section .text
    extern printf
    extern exit
    global main

main:
    xor	rax, rax
    mov	rdi, message    
    call printf
    xor rdi, rdi
    call exit

Everything is much simpler than it seems, in the section .rodata we describe the static data, in this case the string “Hello, world!”, 10 it is a newline character, and will not forget it annihilate the.

The section of code declare outside of the printf function, exit libraries, stdio, stdlib, also declare main entry function:

section .text
    extern printf
    extern exit
    global main

In the case of the return function rax pass 0, can be used mov rax, 0; but to accelerate the use xor rax, rax; Further, in the first argument is a pointer to a string:

rdi, message

Next call external C functions printf:

main:
    xor	rax, rax
    mov	rdi, message    
    call printf
    xor rdi, rdi
    call exit

By analogy, transfer case 0 in the first argument and calling exit:

    xor rdi, rdi
    call exit

As the Elves say:
Who does not listen
He eats plov @Alexander Pelevin

References

https://www.devdungeon.com/content/how-mix-c-and-assembly
https://nekosecurity.com/x86-64-assembly/part-3-nasm-anatomy-syscall-passing-argument
https://www.cs.uaf.edu/2017/fall/cs301/reference/x86_64.html

Source Code

https://gitlab.com/demensdeum/assembly-playground

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